When a product, app, website, or anything else that is to be used by a consumer needs to be created – it is essential to design it in a way such that the product looks attractive, is easy to use, and is fully functional.
Experts use Design Thinking – a process which is iterative, flexible, and focused on collaboration between designers and users – with an emphasis on bringing ideas to life based on how real users think, feel, and behave.
A solution-based approach, Design Thinking increases the probability of success and breakthrough innovation by tackling complex problems through:
Empathizing: Understanding the human needs involved.
Defining: Re-framing and defining the problem in human-centric ways.
Ideating: Creating many ideas in ideation sessions.
Prototyping: Adopting a hands-on approach in prototyping.
Testing: Developing a prototype/solution to the problem.
Importance of teaching Design Thinking in Schools
Design Thinking in the Classroom
Let’s understand how designing an app helps in developing design thinking skills in students.
To create the app, students will use the Design Process: Empathise, Define, Ideate, Prototype, Test.
In this phase, students will learn about the user who is going to use the app.
Students can conduct a survey to gather as much information as possible from potential users – they can use online survey tools as well as offline methods to interview and gather the information.
“What do we need to create to fulfil the user’s needs?”
• The app should be simple to understand and use
• It should be accessible in offline or online mode
• The screen should be compatible with all devices
• The app should match the expected functionality
• The app should not ask for any unnecessary personal information from the user
In this phase, students need to draw rough drafts of the app and brainstorm which design will lead to the best results.
They also need to consider the cost of production, supply, ease of using the app and aesthetics (how it looks) while designing drafts.
Students can consider the following tips while designing the User Interface (UI):
• A simple design will keep the user at ease while interacting with the app
• There should not be too many elements placed randomly on the app
• Forms to retrieve user information should be as short as possible
• Space, colour, shapes, text fonts should be well designed, easily readable and comforting to the eyes
Implement functionality of the app
After completing the above app design process, students will implement the functionality of the app as per user requirements.
Users and their problems are the focus areas of design thinking. Learning more about the users will help in creating better solutions for them.
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